Squeeze-and-Excitation Networks压缩-激活网络

## 1 网络结构

SE模块就是输出特征图先经过一个全局池化层，shape从 $$W \times H \times C$$ 变成了 $$1 \times 1 \times C$$ ， 这个就变成了一个全连接层的输入啦

## 3 PyTorch实现与解析

import torch
import torch.nn as nn
import torch.nn.functional as F
class PreActBlock(nn.Module):
def __init__(self, in_planes, planes, stride=1):
super(PreActBlock, self).__init__()
self.bn1 = nn.BatchNorm2d(in_planes)
self.conv1 = nn.Conv2d(in_planes, planes, kernel_size=3, stride=stride, padding=1, bias=False)
self.bn2 = nn.BatchNorm2d(planes)
self.conv2 = nn.Conv2d(planes, planes, kernel_size=3, stride=1, padding=1, bias=False)
if stride != 1 or in_planes != planes:
self.shortcut = nn.Sequential(
nn.Conv2d(in_planes, planes, kernel_size=1, stride=stride, bias=False)
)
# SE layers
self.fc1 = nn.Conv2d(planes, planes//16, kernel_size=1)
self.fc2 = nn.Conv2d(planes//16, planes, kernel_size=1)
def forward(self, x):
out = F.relu(self.bn1(x))
shortcut = self.shortcut(out) if hasattr(self, 'shortcut') else x
out = self.conv1(out)
out = self.conv2(F.relu(self.bn2(out)))
# Squeeze
w = F.avg_pool2d(out, out.size(2))
w = F.relu(self.fc1(w))
w = F.sigmoid(self.fc2(w))
# Excitation
out = out * w
out += shortcut
return out

class SENet(nn.Module):
def __init__(self, block, num_blocks, num_classes=10):
super(SENet, self).__init__()
self.in_planes = 64
self.conv1 = nn.Conv2d(3, 64, kernel_size=3, stride=1, padding=1, bias=False)
self.bn1 = nn.BatchNorm2d(64)
self.layer1 = self._make_layer(block,  64, num_blocks[0], stride=1)
self.layer2 = self._make_layer(block, 128, num_blocks[1], stride=2)
self.layer3 = self._make_layer(block, 256, num_blocks[2], stride=2)
self.layer4 = self._make_layer(block, 512, num_blocks[3], stride=2)
self.linear = nn.Linear(512, num_classes)
def _make_layer(self, block, planes, num_blocks, stride):
strides = [stride] + [1]*(num_blocks-1)
layers = []
for stride in strides:
layers.append(block(self.in_planes, planes, stride))
self.in_planes = planes
return nn.Sequential(*layers)
def forward(self, x):
out = F.relu(self.bn1(self.conv1(x)))
out = self.layer1(out)
out = self.layer2(out)
out = self.layer3(out)
out = self.layer4(out)
out = F.avg_pool2d(out, 4)
out = out.view(out.size(0), -1)
out = self.linear(out)
return out

def SENet18():
return SENet(PreActBlock, [2,2,2,2])

net = SENet18()
y = net(torch.randn(1,3,32,32))
print(y.size())
print(net)