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中e诊—基于机器学习技术的智能中医舌诊健康云微信小程序(三)手掌穴位识别

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0 相关材料链接

 

1 简要介绍

 

看前说明:此方法可能有一定的缺陷,但是我认为有一定的实现可能所以做了这个板块。倘若有专业的中医医生或者相关工作者对此有建议或者意见可以与我联系交流哦~

 

关于手掌我这里有手掌的图片数据集可供大家下载:手掌数据集

 

穴位按摩是中国医学的重要组成部分,它是以中国医学理论为指导,以经络腧穴学说为基础,以按摩为主要施治,用来防病治病的一种手段。为方便用户可以随时随地按摩手部穴位,中e诊开发了智能手部穴位定位系统,使用户可以准确地找到手心与手背的穴位。具体功能为用户上传一张其手心或手背照片,系统会自动定位照片中的穴位坐标,并在图中标记处穴位位置,并将标记图片返回给用户。以左手手心为例,操作结果如下图所示:

 

 

2 技术详情

 

为准确定位到图像中的手掌位置,本小组利用mediapipe开发的手部界标模型(MediaPipe Hands)定位到手部关键节点。MediaPipe Hands 是一种高保真手和手指跟踪解决方案。它使用机器学习 (ML) 从单帧中推断出一只手的 21 个 3D 地标。具体21个3D地标如下图所示:

 

通过MedisPipe Hands手掌定位地标分析,可将上一节中的用户图片代入分析,计算该图手掌的关键节点。计算效果如下图所示:

 

在明确手掌在图中的关键节点后。本小组通过查阅大量中医文献书籍与资料,找到常见的手掌穴位在手部的相对位置。通过手部关键节点的位置坐标,采用欧式距离计算出图像中穴位的位置坐标并进行标注。同时,可以通过拇指指尖二维纵坐标与小拇指指尖二维纵坐标的大小判断图像中的是手心或是手背。手背智能穴位定位效果如下图所示:

 

3 代码实现

 

3.1 导入相应的库

 

import cv2 as cv
import numpy as np
import mediapipe as mp
import  tqdm
import time
import  matplotlib.pyplot as plt
from PIL import Image, ImageDraw, ImageFont

 

ps:在导入cv2时我遇到了一个报错“DLL load failed while importing cv2: 找不到指定的模”。若大家也遇到这种问题可至 成功解决Python导入opencv报错“DLL load failed while importing cv2: 找不到指定的模” 查看解决方法。

 

3.2 定义在图片中画点写字的函数

 

这一步方便在计算出穴位坐标后利用该函数对图片进行标记。

 

def cv2ImgAddText(img, text, left, top, textColor=(0, 255, 0), textSize=20):
    if (isinstance(img, np.ndarray)):  # 判断是否OpenCV图片类型
        img = Image.fromarray(cv.cvtColor(img, cv.COLOR_BGR2RGB))
    # 创建一个可以在给定图像上绘图的对象
    draw = ImageDraw.Draw(img)
    # 字体的格式
    fontStyle = ImageFont.truetype(
        "simsun.ttc", textSize, encoding="utf-8")
    # 绘制文本
    draw.text((left, top), text, textColor, font=fontStyle)
    # 转换回OpenCV格式
    return cv.cvtColor(np.asarray(img), cv.COLOR_RGB2BGR)

 

3.3 定义手部关键点监测模型并导入

 

# 手部关键点检测模型
mp_hand=mp.solutions.hands
# 导入模型
hands=mp_hand.Hands(static_image_mode=False,
                    max_num_hands=1,
                    min_detection_confidence=0.3,
                    min_tracking_confidence=0.3
                    )

 

3.4 导入绘图函数

 

# 导入绘图函数
mpDraw=mp.solutions.drawing_utils
img=cv.imread(r'C:\Users\13267\Desktop\test\hand2.jpg')#需要标记的手掌图片的位置
#look_img(img)
img_RGB=cv.cvtColor(img,cv.COLOR_BGR2RGB)
results=hands.process(img_RGB)
lmList = []

 

3.5 将原本三维的坐标系转为2维方便平面坐标计算

 

if results.multi_hand_landmarks:
    for handLms in results.multi_hand_landmarks:
        for id, lm in enumerate(handLms.landmark):
            h, w, c = img.shape
            cx, cy = int(lm.x * w), int(lm.y * h)
            lmList.append([id, cx, cy])

 

3.6 计算手部穴位的函数

 

这里利用了小拇指指尖坐标与大拇指指尖坐标的相对位置来判断图片是手掌还是手背。目前仅能左手来测试!

 

if lmList[12][2] < lmList[0][2]:
    if lmList[4][1] < lmList[20][1]:
        print('手心')
        cx0,cy0 = lmList[0][1],lmList[0][2]
        cx1 ,cy1 =  lmList[1][1],lmList[1][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "鱼际穴", cx1, cy1, (0,0,0), 30)
        cv.circle(img, (cx1, cy1), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx4,cy4 = lmList[4][1],lmList[4][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "十宣穴1", cx4, cy4, (0,0,0), 30)
        cv.circle(img, (cx4, cy4), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx6,cy6 = lmList[6][1],lmList[6][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "四缝穴1", cx6, cy6, (0,0,0), 30)
        cv.circle(img, (cx6, cy6), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx8,cy8 = lmList[8][1],lmList[8][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "十宣穴2", cx8, cy8, (0,0,0), 30)
        cv.circle(img, (cx8, cy8), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx9,cy9 = lmList[9][1],lmList[9][2]
        cv.circle(img, ((3*cx9+cx0)//4, (3*cy9+cy0)//4), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "劳宫穴", (3*cx9+cx0)//4, (3*cy9+cy0)//4, (0,0,0), 30)
        x_center,y_center=(cx9+cx0)//2, (cy9+cy0)//2
        cx10,cy10 = lmList[10][1],lmList[10][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "四缝穴2", cx10, cy10, (0,0,0), 30)
        cv.circle(img, (cx10, cy10), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx11 , cy11 = lmList[11][1],lmList[11][2]
        cx12 , cy12 = lmList[12][1],lmList[12][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "十宣穴3", cx12, cy12, (0,0,0), 30)
        cv.circle(img, (cx12, cy12), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "中冲穴", (2*cx12+cx11)//3, (2*cy12+cy11)//3, (0,0,0), 30)
        cv.circle(img, ((2*cx12+cx11)//3, (2*cy12+cy11)//3), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx14,cy14 = lmList[14][1],lmList[14][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "四缝穴3", cx14, cy14, (0,0,0), 30)
        cv.circle(img, (cx14, cy14), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx16,cy16 = lmList[16][1],lmList[16][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "十宣穴4", cx16, cy16, (0,0,0), 30)
        cv.circle(img, (cx16, cy16), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx17,cy17 = lmList[17][1],lmList[17][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "少府穴", (3*cx17+cx0)//4, (3*cy17+cy0)//4, (0,0,0), 30)
        cv.circle(img, ((3*cx17+cx0)//4, (3*cy17+cy0)//4), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx18,cy18 = lmList[18][1],lmList[18][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "四缝穴4", cx18, cy18, (0,0,0), 30)
        cv.circle(img, (cx18, cy18), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx20,cy20 = lmList[20][1],lmList[20][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "十宣穴5", cx20, cy20, (0,0,0), 30)
        cv.circle(img, (cx20, cy20), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cv.imwrite(r'C:\Users\13267\Desktop\test\hands2.jpg',img)#标记后的图片存储位置
    else:
        print('手背')
        cx0,cy0 = lmList[0][1],lmList[0][2]
        cx1,cy1 = lmList[1][1],lmList[1][2]
        x_zhongquan,y_zhongquan = (3*cx0+cx1)//4,(3*cy0+cy1)//4
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "中泉穴", x_zhongquan,y_zhongquan, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (x_zhongquan, y_zhongquan), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx2 ,cy2 =  lmList[2][1],lmList[2][2]
        cx3 ,cy3 =  lmList[3][1],lmList[3][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "大骨空穴", cx3,cy3, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (cx3, cy3), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx4,cy4 = lmList[4][1],lmList[4][2]
        x_shaoshang,y_shaoshang = (cx3+cx4)//2,(cy3+cy4)//2
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "少商穴", x_shaoshang,y_shaoshang, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (x_shaoshang, y_shaoshang), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "十宣穴1", cx4,cy4, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (cx4, cy4), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx5,cy5 = lmList[5][1],lmList[5][2]
        x_053,y_053 = (3*cx5+cx0)//4,(3*cy5+cy0)//4
        x_05,y_05 = (cx5+cx0)//2,(cy5+cy0)//2
        x_sanjian,y_sanjian = (x_053+cx2)//2,(y_053+cy2)//2
        x_hegu,y_hegu = (x_05+cx2)//2,(y_05+cy2)//2
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "三间穴", x_sanjian,y_sanjian, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (x_sanjian, y_sanjian), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "合谷穴", x_hegu,y_hegu, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (x_hegu, y_hegu), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        x_baxie1,y_baxie1 = (cx2+cx5)//2,(cy2+cy5)//2
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "八邪穴1", x_baxie1,y_baxie1, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (x_baxie1, y_baxie1), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        x_yaotong1,y_yaotong1=(cx5+cx0)//2,(cy5+cy0)//2
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "腰痛点1", x_yaotong1,y_yaotong1, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (x_yaotong1, y_yaotong1), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx8,cy8 = lmList[8][1],lmList[8][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "十宣穴2", cx8,cy8, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (cx8, cy8), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx9 ,cy9 =  lmList[9][1],lmList[9][2]
        x_baxie2,y_baxie2 = (cx9+cx5)//2,(cy9+cy5)//2
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "八邪穴2", x_baxie2,y_baxie2, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (x_baxie2, y_baxie2), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx10 ,cy10 =  lmList[10][1],lmList[10][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "中魁穴", cx10,cy10, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (cx10, cy10), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx12 ,cy12 =  lmList[12][1],lmList[12][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "十宣穴3", cx12,cy12, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (cx12, cy12), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx13 ,cy13 =  lmList[13][1],lmList[13][2]
        x_baxie3,y_baxie3 = (cx9+cx13)//2,(cy9+cy13)//2
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "八邪穴3", x_baxie3,y_baxie3, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (x_baxie3, y_baxie3), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        x_yaotong2,y_yaotong2 = (cx0+cx13)//2,(cy0+cy13)//2
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "腰痛点2", x_yaotong2,y_yaotong2, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (x_yaotong2, y_yaotong2), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx16,cy16 =  lmList[16][1],lmList[16][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "十宣穴4", cx16,cy16, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (cx16, cy16), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx17,cy17 =  lmList[17][1],lmList[17][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "后溪穴", cx17,cy17, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (cx17, cy17), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        x_baxie4,y_baxie4 = (cx13+cx17)//2,(cy13+cy17)//2
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "八邪穴4", x_baxie4,y_baxie4, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (x_baxie4, y_baxie4), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx18,cy18 =  lmList[18][1],lmList[18][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "小骨空穴", cx18,cy18, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (cx18, cy18), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx20,cy20 =  lmList[20][1],lmList[20][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "十宣穴5", cx20,cy20, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (cx20, cy20), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cv.imwrite(r'C:\Users\13267\Desktop\test\hands2.jpg',img)#标记后的图片存储位置
else:
    if lmList[4][1] > lmList[20][1]:
        print('手心')
        cx0,cy0 = lmList[0][1],lmList[0][2]
        cx1 ,cy1 =  lmList[1][1],lmList[1][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "鱼际穴", cx1, cy1, (0,0,0), 30)
        cv.circle(img, (cx1, cy1), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx4,cy4 = lmList[4][1],lmList[4][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "十宣穴1", cx4, cy4, (0,0,0), 30)
        cv.circle(img, (cx4, cy4), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx6,cy6 = lmList[6][1],lmList[6][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "四缝穴1", cx6, cy6, (0,0,0), 30)
        cv.circle(img, (cx6, cy6), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx8,cy8 = lmList[8][1],lmList[8][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "十宣穴2", cx8, cy8, (0,0,0), 30)
        cv.circle(img, (cx8, cy8), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx9,cy9 = lmList[9][1],lmList[9][2]
        cv.circle(img, ((3*cx9+cx0)//4, (3*cy9+cy0)//4), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "劳宫穴", (3*cx9+cx0)//4, (3*cy9+cy0)//4, (0,0,0), 30)
        x_center,y_center=(cx9+cx0)//2, (cy9+cy0)//2
        cx10,cy10 = lmList[10][1],lmList[10][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "四缝穴2", cx10, cy10, (0,0,0), 30)
        cv.circle(img, (cx10, cy10), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx11 , cy11 = lmList[11][1],lmList[11][2]
        cx12 , cy12 = lmList[12][1],lmList[12][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "十宣穴3", cx12, cy12, (0,0,0), 30)
        cv.circle(img, (cx12, cy12), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "中冲穴", (2*cx12+cx11)//3, (2*cy12+cy11)//3, (0,0,0), 30)
        cv.circle(img, ((2*cx12+cx11)//3, (2*cy12+cy11)//3), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx14,cy14 = lmList[14][1],lmList[14][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "四缝穴3", cx14, cy14, (0,0,0), 30)
        cv.circle(img, (cx14, cy14), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx16,cy16 = lmList[16][1],lmList[16][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "十宣穴4", cx16, cy16, (0,0,0), 30)
        cv.circle(img, (cx16, cy16), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx17,cy17 = lmList[17][1],lmList[17][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "少府穴", (3*cx17+cx0)//4, (3*cy17+cy0)//4, (0,0,0), 30)
        cv.circle(img, ((3*cx17+cx0)//4, (3*cy17+cy0)//4), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx18,cy18 = lmList[18][1],lmList[18][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "四缝穴4", cx18, cy18, (0,0,0), 30)
        cv.circle(img, (cx18, cy18), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx20,cy20 = lmList[20][1],lmList[20][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "十宣穴5", cx20, cy20, (0,0,0), 30)
        cv.circle(img, (cx20, cy20), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cv.imwrite(r'C:\Users\13267\Desktop\test\hands2.jpg',img)#标记后的图片存储位置
    else:
        print('手背')
        cx0,cy0 = lmList[0][1],lmList[0][2]
        cx1,cy1 = lmList[1][1],lmList[1][2]
        x_zhongquan,y_zhongquan = (3*cx0+cx1)//4,(3*cy0+cy1)//4
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "中泉穴", x_zhongquan,y_zhongquan, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (x_zhongquan, y_zhongquan), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx2 ,cy2 =  lmList[2][1],lmList[2][2]
        cx3 ,cy3 =  lmList[3][1],lmList[3][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "大骨空穴", cx3,cy3, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (cx3, cy3), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx4,cy4 = lmList[4][1],lmList[4][2]
        x_shaoshang,y_shaoshang = (cx3+cx4)//2,(cy3+cy4)//2
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "少商穴", x_shaoshang,y_shaoshang, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (x_shaoshang, y_shaoshang), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "十宣穴1", cx4,cy4, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (cx4, cy4), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx5,cy5 = lmList[5][1],lmList[5][2]
        x_053,y_053 = (3*cx5+cx0)//4,(3*cy5+cy0)//4
        x_05,y_05 = (cx5+cx0)//2,(cy5+cy0)//2
        x_sanjian,y_sanjian = (x_053+cx2)//2,(y_053+cy2)//2
        x_hegu,y_hegu = (x_05+cx2)//2,(y_05+cy2)//2
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "三间穴", x_sanjian,y_sanjian, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (x_sanjian, y_sanjian), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "合谷穴", x_hegu,y_hegu, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (x_hegu, y_hegu), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        x_baxie1,y_baxie1 = (cx2+cx5)//2,(cy2+cy5)//2
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "八邪穴1", x_baxie1,y_baxie1, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (x_baxie1, y_baxie1), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        x_yaotong1,y_yaotong1=(cx5+cx0)//2,(cy5+cy0)//2
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "腰痛点1", x_yaotong1,y_yaotong1, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (x_yaotong1, y_yaotong1), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx8,cy8 = lmList[8][1],lmList[8][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "十宣穴2", cx8,cy8, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (cx8, cy8), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx9 ,cy9 =  lmList[9][1],lmList[9][2]
        x_baxie2,y_baxie2 = (cx9+cx5)//2,(cy9+cy5)//2
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "八邪穴2", x_baxie2,y_baxie2, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (x_baxie2, y_baxie2), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx10 ,cy10 =  lmList[10][1],lmList[10][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "中魁穴", cx10,cy10, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (cx10, cy10), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx12 ,cy12 =  lmList[12][1],lmList[12][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "十宣穴3", cx12,cy12, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (cx12, cy12), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx13 ,cy13 =  lmList[13][1],lmList[13][2]
        x_baxie3,y_baxie3 = (cx9+cx13)//2,(cy9+cy13)//2
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "八邪穴3", x_baxie3,y_baxie3, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (x_baxie3, y_baxie3), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        x_yaotong2,y_yaotong2 = (cx0+cx13)//2,(cy0+cy13)//2
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "腰痛点2", x_yaotong2,y_yaotong2, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (x_yaotong2, y_yaotong2), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx16,cy16 =  lmList[16][1],lmList[16][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "十宣穴4", cx16,cy16, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (cx16, cy16), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx17,cy17 =  lmList[17][1],lmList[17][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "后溪穴", cx17,cy17, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (cx17, cy17), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        x_baxie4,y_baxie4 = (cx13+cx17)//2,(cy13+cy17)//2
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "八邪穴4", x_baxie4,y_baxie4, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (x_baxie4, y_baxie4), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx18,cy18 =  lmList[18][1],lmList[18][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "小骨空穴", cx18,cy18, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (cx18, cy18), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx20,cy20 =  lmList[20][1],lmList[20][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "十宣穴5", cx20,cy20, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (cx20, cy20), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cv.imwrite(r'C:\Users\13267\Desktop\test\hands2.jpg',img)#标记后的图片存储位置
print(lmList)

 

标记涉及的穴位介绍如下:

 

手心

 

鱼际穴:取穴位置在手外侧,第一掌骨桡侧中点赤白肉际处。缓解病症:1.咳嗽、咳血、喉咙干、咽喉肿痛、失声等肺部热证;2.小孩营养不良。

 

少府穴:取穴位置在手掌,横平第五掌指关节近端,第四、五掌骨之间。缓解病症:1.心悸等心胸病;2.阴部发痒,阴部疼痛;3.小指痉挛。

 

劳宫穴:取穴位置在掌区,横平第三掌指关节近端,第二、三掌骨之间偏于第三掌骨。缓解病症:1.中风昏迷、中暑等急症;2.心痛、烦闷、癫狂等心志疾病;3.口疮、口臭;4.手癣。

 

中冲穴:取穴位置在手指,中指末端最高点。缓解病症:1.中风昏迷、不能说话、中暑等急症;2.热病、舌下肿痛。

 

四缝穴:取穴位置在手背,第二至五掌面的近侧指间关节横纹的中央,一手四穴。缓解病症:1.小儿营养不良;2.百日咳。

 

十宣穴:取穴位置在手指,十指尖端,距指甲游离缘0.1寸(指寸),左右共10穴。缓解病症:1.昏迷;2.癫痫;3.咽喉肿痛;4.手指麻木。

 

手背:

 

中泉穴:取穴位置在前臂前区,腕掌侧远端横纹上,指总伸肌腱桡侧的凹陷中。缓解病症:1.胸胁肿痛、咳嗽、气喘、心痛;2.胃脘疼痛;3.掌中热。

 

大骨空穴:取穴位置在手指,拇指背面,指间关节处的中点处。缓解病症:1.眼睛疼、迎风流泪、白内障;2.吐泻;3.鼻出血。

 

少商穴:取穴位置在手指,拇指末节桡侧,指甲根角侧上方0.1寸(指寸)。缓解病症:1.咽喉肿痛、鼻子出血、高热、昏迷等肺系热证;2.癫狂。

 

十宣穴:取穴位置在手指,十指尖端,距指甲游离缘0.1寸(指寸),左右共10穴。缓解病症:1.昏迷;2.癫痫;3.咽喉肿痛;4.手指麻木。

 

三间穴:取穴位置在手指,第二掌指关节桡侧近端凹陷中。缓解病症:1.牙疼、咽喉疼等五官病症;2.腹胀等肠道问题;3.嗜睡。

 

合谷穴:取穴位置在手背,第二掌骨桡侧的中点处。缓解病症:1.头痛、牙痛、鼻子流血等头面五官病症;2.发热等感冒病症;3.闭经等妇产科病症;

 

八邪穴:取穴位置在手背,第一至五指间,指蹼缘后方赤白肉际处,左右共8次。缓解病症:1.手臂肿痛、手指麻木;2.眼睛疼;3.毒蛇咬伤。

 

腰痛点:取穴位置在手背第二、三掌骨间及第四、五掌骨间,腕背侧远端横纹与掌指关节的中点处,一手二穴。缓解病症:急性腰扭伤。

 

中魁穴:取穴位置在手指,中指背面,近侧指间关节的中点处。缓解病症:打嗝、呕吐、食欲不振等脾胃病症。

 

后溪穴:取穴位置在手内侧,第五掌指关节尺侧近端赤白肉际凹陷中。缓解病症:1.头和颈部头痛、腰背疼、手指及胳膊抽筋的疼;2.眼红、耳朵聋;3.癫狂痫;4.疟疾。

 

小骨空穴:取穴位置在手指,小指背面,近侧指间关节的中点处。缓解病症:1.眼睛疼,迎风流泪,白内障;2.指关节疼。

 

4 完整代码展示(可直接使用!)

 

import cv2 as cv
import numpy as np
import mediapipe as mp
import  tqdm
import time
import  matplotlib.pyplot as plt
from PIL import Image, ImageDraw, ImageFont
def cv2ImgAddText(img, text, left, top, textColor=(0, 255, 0), textSize=20):
    if (isinstance(img, np.ndarray)):  # 判断是否OpenCV图片类型
        img = Image.fromarray(cv.cvtColor(img, cv.COLOR_BGR2RGB))
    # 创建一个可以在给定图像上绘图的对象
    draw = ImageDraw.Draw(img)
    # 字体的格式
    fontStyle = ImageFont.truetype(
        "simsun.ttc", textSize, encoding="utf-8")
    # 绘制文本
    draw.text((left, top), text, textColor, font=fontStyle)
    # 转换回OpenCV格式
    return cv.cvtColor(np.asarray(img), cv.COLOR_RGB2BGR)
# 手部关键点检测模型
mp_hand=mp.solutions.hands
# 导入模型
hands=mp_hand.Hands(static_image_mode=False,
                    max_num_hands=1,
                    min_detection_confidence=0.3,
                    min_tracking_confidence=0.3
                    )
# 导入绘图函数
mpDraw=mp.solutions.drawing_utils
img=cv.imread(r'C:\Users\13267\Desktop\test\hand2.jpg')
#look_img(img)
img_RGB=cv.cvtColor(img,cv.COLOR_BGR2RGB)
results=hands.process(img_RGB)
lmList = []
if results.multi_hand_landmarks:
    for handLms in results.multi_hand_landmarks:
        for id, lm in enumerate(handLms.landmark):
            h, w, c = img.shape
            cx, cy = int(lm.x * w), int(lm.y * h)
            lmList.append([id, cx, cy])
            
if lmList[12][2] < lmList[0][2]:
    if lmList[4][1] < lmList[20][1]:
        print('手心')
        cx0,cy0 = lmList[0][1],lmList[0][2]
        cx1 ,cy1 =  lmList[1][1],lmList[1][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "鱼际穴", cx1, cy1, (0,0,0), 30)
        cv.circle(img, (cx1, cy1), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx4,cy4 = lmList[4][1],lmList[4][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "十宣穴1", cx4, cy4, (0,0,0), 30)
        cv.circle(img, (cx4, cy4), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx6,cy6 = lmList[6][1],lmList[6][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "四缝穴1", cx6, cy6, (0,0,0), 30)
        cv.circle(img, (cx6, cy6), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx8,cy8 = lmList[8][1],lmList[8][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "十宣穴2", cx8, cy8, (0,0,0), 30)
        cv.circle(img, (cx8, cy8), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx9,cy9 = lmList[9][1],lmList[9][2]
        cv.circle(img, ((3*cx9+cx0)//4, (3*cy9+cy0)//4), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "劳宫穴", (3*cx9+cx0)//4, (3*cy9+cy0)//4, (0,0,0), 30)
        x_center,y_center=(cx9+cx0)//2, (cy9+cy0)//2
        cx10,cy10 = lmList[10][1],lmList[10][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "四缝穴2", cx10, cy10, (0,0,0), 30)
        cv.circle(img, (cx10, cy10), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx11 , cy11 = lmList[11][1],lmList[11][2]
        cx12 , cy12 = lmList[12][1],lmList[12][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "十宣穴3", cx12, cy12, (0,0,0), 30)
        cv.circle(img, (cx12, cy12), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "中冲穴", (2*cx12+cx11)//3, (2*cy12+cy11)//3, (0,0,0), 30)
        cv.circle(img, ((2*cx12+cx11)//3, (2*cy12+cy11)//3), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx14,cy14 = lmList[14][1],lmList[14][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "四缝穴3", cx14, cy14, (0,0,0), 30)
        cv.circle(img, (cx14, cy14), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx16,cy16 = lmList[16][1],lmList[16][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "十宣穴4", cx16, cy16, (0,0,0), 30)
        cv.circle(img, (cx16, cy16), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx17,cy17 = lmList[17][1],lmList[17][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "少府穴", (3*cx17+cx0)//4, (3*cy17+cy0)//4, (0,0,0), 30)
        cv.circle(img, ((3*cx17+cx0)//4, (3*cy17+cy0)//4), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx18,cy18 = lmList[18][1],lmList[18][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "四缝穴4", cx18, cy18, (0,0,0), 30)
        cv.circle(img, (cx18, cy18), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx20,cy20 = lmList[20][1],lmList[20][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "十宣穴5", cx20, cy20, (0,0,0), 30)
        cv.circle(img, (cx20, cy20), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cv.imwrite(r'C:\Users\13267\Desktop\test\hands2.jpg',img)
    else:
        print('手背')
        cx0,cy0 = lmList[0][1],lmList[0][2]
        cx1,cy1 = lmList[1][1],lmList[1][2]
        x_zhongquan,y_zhongquan = (3*cx0+cx1)//4,(3*cy0+cy1)//4
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "中泉穴", x_zhongquan,y_zhongquan, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (x_zhongquan, y_zhongquan), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx2 ,cy2 =  lmList[2][1],lmList[2][2]
        cx3 ,cy3 =  lmList[3][1],lmList[3][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "大骨空穴", cx3,cy3, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (cx3, cy3), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx4,cy4 = lmList[4][1],lmList[4][2]
        x_shaoshang,y_shaoshang = (cx3+cx4)//2,(cy3+cy4)//2
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "少商穴", x_shaoshang,y_shaoshang, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (x_shaoshang, y_shaoshang), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "十宣穴1", cx4,cy4, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (cx4, cy4), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx5,cy5 = lmList[5][1],lmList[5][2]
        x_053,y_053 = (3*cx5+cx0)//4,(3*cy5+cy0)//4
        x_05,y_05 = (cx5+cx0)//2,(cy5+cy0)//2
        x_sanjian,y_sanjian = (x_053+cx2)//2,(y_053+cy2)//2
        x_hegu,y_hegu = (x_05+cx2)//2,(y_05+cy2)//2
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "三间穴", x_sanjian,y_sanjian, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (x_sanjian, y_sanjian), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "合谷穴", x_hegu,y_hegu, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (x_hegu, y_hegu), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        x_baxie1,y_baxie1 = (cx2+cx5)//2,(cy2+cy5)//2
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "八邪穴1", x_baxie1,y_baxie1, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (x_baxie1, y_baxie1), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        x_yaotong1,y_yaotong1=(cx5+cx0)//2,(cy5+cy0)//2
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "腰痛点1", x_yaotong1,y_yaotong1, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (x_yaotong1, y_yaotong1), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx8,cy8 = lmList[8][1],lmList[8][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "十宣穴2", cx8,cy8, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (cx8, cy8), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx9 ,cy9 =  lmList[9][1],lmList[9][2]
        x_baxie2,y_baxie2 = (cx9+cx5)//2,(cy9+cy5)//2
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "八邪穴2", x_baxie2,y_baxie2, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (x_baxie2, y_baxie2), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx10 ,cy10 =  lmList[10][1],lmList[10][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "中魁穴", cx10,cy10, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (cx10, cy10), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx12 ,cy12 =  lmList[12][1],lmList[12][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "十宣穴3", cx12,cy12, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (cx12, cy12), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx13 ,cy13 =  lmList[13][1],lmList[13][2]
        x_baxie3,y_baxie3 = (cx9+cx13)//2,(cy9+cy13)//2
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "八邪穴3", x_baxie3,y_baxie3, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (x_baxie3, y_baxie3), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        x_yaotong2,y_yaotong2 = (cx0+cx13)//2,(cy0+cy13)//2
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "腰痛点2", x_yaotong2,y_yaotong2, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (x_yaotong2, y_yaotong2), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx16,cy16 =  lmList[16][1],lmList[16][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "十宣穴4", cx16,cy16, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (cx16, cy16), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx17,cy17 =  lmList[17][1],lmList[17][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "后溪穴", cx17,cy17, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (cx17, cy17), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        x_baxie4,y_baxie4 = (cx13+cx17)//2,(cy13+cy17)//2
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "八邪穴4", x_baxie4,y_baxie4, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (x_baxie4, y_baxie4), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx18,cy18 =  lmList[18][1],lmList[18][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "小骨空穴", cx18,cy18, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (cx18, cy18), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx20,cy20 =  lmList[20][1],lmList[20][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "十宣穴5", cx20,cy20, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (cx20, cy20), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cv.imwrite(r'C:\Users\13267\Desktop\test\hands2.jpg',img)
else:
    if lmList[4][1] > lmList[20][1]:
        print('手心')
        cx0,cy0 = lmList[0][1],lmList[0][2]
        cx1 ,cy1 =  lmList[1][1],lmList[1][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "鱼际穴", cx1, cy1, (0,0,0), 30)
        cv.circle(img, (cx1, cy1), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx4,cy4 = lmList[4][1],lmList[4][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "十宣穴1", cx4, cy4, (0,0,0), 30)
        cv.circle(img, (cx4, cy4), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx6,cy6 = lmList[6][1],lmList[6][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "四缝穴1", cx6, cy6, (0,0,0), 30)
        cv.circle(img, (cx6, cy6), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx8,cy8 = lmList[8][1],lmList[8][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "十宣穴2", cx8, cy8, (0,0,0), 30)
        cv.circle(img, (cx8, cy8), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx9,cy9 = lmList[9][1],lmList[9][2]
        cv.circle(img, ((3*cx9+cx0)//4, (3*cy9+cy0)//4), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "劳宫穴", (3*cx9+cx0)//4, (3*cy9+cy0)//4, (0,0,0), 30)
        x_center,y_center=(cx9+cx0)//2, (cy9+cy0)//2
        cx10,cy10 = lmList[10][1],lmList[10][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "四缝穴2", cx10, cy10, (0,0,0), 30)
        cv.circle(img, (cx10, cy10), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx11 , cy11 = lmList[11][1],lmList[11][2]
        cx12 , cy12 = lmList[12][1],lmList[12][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "十宣穴3", cx12, cy12, (0,0,0), 30)
        cv.circle(img, (cx12, cy12), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "中冲穴", (2*cx12+cx11)//3, (2*cy12+cy11)//3, (0,0,0), 30)
        cv.circle(img, ((2*cx12+cx11)//3, (2*cy12+cy11)//3), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx14,cy14 = lmList[14][1],lmList[14][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "四缝穴3", cx14, cy14, (0,0,0), 30)
        cv.circle(img, (cx14, cy14), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx16,cy16 = lmList[16][1],lmList[16][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "十宣穴4", cx16, cy16, (0,0,0), 30)
        cv.circle(img, (cx16, cy16), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx17,cy17 = lmList[17][1],lmList[17][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "少府穴", (3*cx17+cx0)//4, (3*cy17+cy0)//4, (0,0,0), 30)
        cv.circle(img, ((3*cx17+cx0)//4, (3*cy17+cy0)//4), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx18,cy18 = lmList[18][1],lmList[18][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "四缝穴4", cx18, cy18, (0,0,0), 30)
        cv.circle(img, (cx18, cy18), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx20,cy20 = lmList[20][1],lmList[20][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "十宣穴5", cx20, cy20, (0,0,0), 30)
        cv.circle(img, (cx20, cy20), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cv.imwrite(r'C:\Users\13267\Desktop\test\hands2.jpg',img)
    else:
        print('手背')
        cx0,cy0 = lmList[0][1],lmList[0][2]
        cx1,cy1 = lmList[1][1],lmList[1][2]
        x_zhongquan,y_zhongquan = (3*cx0+cx1)//4,(3*cy0+cy1)//4
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "中泉穴", x_zhongquan,y_zhongquan, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (x_zhongquan, y_zhongquan), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx2 ,cy2 =  lmList[2][1],lmList[2][2]
        cx3 ,cy3 =  lmList[3][1],lmList[3][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "大骨空穴", cx3,cy3, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (cx3, cy3), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx4,cy4 = lmList[4][1],lmList[4][2]
        x_shaoshang,y_shaoshang = (cx3+cx4)//2,(cy3+cy4)//2
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "少商穴", x_shaoshang,y_shaoshang, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (x_shaoshang, y_shaoshang), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "十宣穴1", cx4,cy4, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (cx4, cy4), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx5,cy5 = lmList[5][1],lmList[5][2]
        x_053,y_053 = (3*cx5+cx0)//4,(3*cy5+cy0)//4
        x_05,y_05 = (cx5+cx0)//2,(cy5+cy0)//2
        x_sanjian,y_sanjian = (x_053+cx2)//2,(y_053+cy2)//2
        x_hegu,y_hegu = (x_05+cx2)//2,(y_05+cy2)//2
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "三间穴", x_sanjian,y_sanjian, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (x_sanjian, y_sanjian), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "合谷穴", x_hegu,y_hegu, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (x_hegu, y_hegu), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        x_baxie1,y_baxie1 = (cx2+cx5)//2,(cy2+cy5)//2
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "八邪穴1", x_baxie1,y_baxie1, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (x_baxie1, y_baxie1), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        x_yaotong1,y_yaotong1=(cx5+cx0)//2,(cy5+cy0)//2
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "腰痛点1", x_yaotong1,y_yaotong1, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (x_yaotong1, y_yaotong1), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx8,cy8 = lmList[8][1],lmList[8][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "十宣穴2", cx8,cy8, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (cx8, cy8), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx9 ,cy9 =  lmList[9][1],lmList[9][2]
        x_baxie2,y_baxie2 = (cx9+cx5)//2,(cy9+cy5)//2
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "八邪穴2", x_baxie2,y_baxie2, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (x_baxie2, y_baxie2), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx10 ,cy10 =  lmList[10][1],lmList[10][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "中魁穴", cx10,cy10, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (cx10, cy10), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx12 ,cy12 =  lmList[12][1],lmList[12][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "十宣穴3", cx12,cy12, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (cx12, cy12), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx13 ,cy13 =  lmList[13][1],lmList[13][2]
        x_baxie3,y_baxie3 = (cx9+cx13)//2,(cy9+cy13)//2
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "八邪穴3", x_baxie3,y_baxie3, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (x_baxie3, y_baxie3), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        x_yaotong2,y_yaotong2 = (cx0+cx13)//2,(cy0+cy13)//2
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "腰痛点2", x_yaotong2,y_yaotong2, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (x_yaotong2, y_yaotong2), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx16,cy16 =  lmList[16][1],lmList[16][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "十宣穴4", cx16,cy16, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (cx16, cy16), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx17,cy17 =  lmList[17][1],lmList[17][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "后溪穴", cx17,cy17, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (cx17, cy17), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        x_baxie4,y_baxie4 = (cx13+cx17)//2,(cy13+cy17)//2
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "八邪穴4", x_baxie4,y_baxie4, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (x_baxie4, y_baxie4), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx18,cy18 =  lmList[18][1],lmList[18][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "小骨空穴", cx18,cy18, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (cx18, cy18), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cx20,cy20 =  lmList[20][1],lmList[20][2]
        img = cv2ImgAddText(img, "十宣穴5", cx20,cy20, (0,0,0), 20)
        cv.circle(img, (cx20, cy20), 10, (255, 0, 255), cv.FILLED)
        cv.imwrite(r'C:\Users\13267\Desktop\test\hands2.jpg',img)
print(lmList)

 

5 实验结果展示

 

 

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