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轻量级CNN模型mobilenet v1

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论文解读

 

论文地址: https://arxiv.org/abs/1704.04861

 

核心思想就是通过depthwise conv替代普通conv. 有关depthwise conv可以参考 https://www.cnblogs.com/sdu20112013/p/11759928.html

 

模型结构: 类似于vgg这种堆叠的结构.

 

每一层的运算量 可以看到,运算量并不是与参数数量绝对成正比 ,当然整体趋势而言,参数量更少的模型会运算更快.

 

代码实现

 

https://github.com/marvis/pytorch-mobilenet

 

网络结构:

 

class Net(nn.Module):
    def __init__(self):
        super(Net, self).__init__()
        def conv_bn(inp, oup, stride):
            return nn.Sequential(
                nn.Conv2d(inp, oup, 3, stride, 1, bias=False),
                nn.BatchNorm2d(oup),
                nn.ReLU(inplace=True)
            )
        def conv_dw(inp, oup, stride):
            return nn.Sequential(
                nn.Conv2d(inp, inp, 3, stride, 1, groups=inp, bias=False),
                nn.BatchNorm2d(inp),
                nn.ReLU(inplace=True),
    
                nn.Conv2d(inp, oup, 1, 1, 0, bias=False),
                nn.BatchNorm2d(oup),
                nn.ReLU(inplace=True),
            )
        self.model = nn.Sequential(
            conv_bn(  3,  32, 2), 
            conv_dw( 32,  64, 1),
            conv_dw( 64, 128, 2),
            conv_dw(128, 128, 1),
            conv_dw(128, 256, 2),
            conv_dw(256, 256, 1),
            conv_dw(256, 512, 2),
            conv_dw(512, 512, 1),
            conv_dw(512, 512, 1),
            conv_dw(512, 512, 1),
            conv_dw(512, 512, 1),
            conv_dw(512, 512, 1),
            conv_dw(512, 1024, 2),
            conv_dw(1024, 1024, 1),
            nn.AvgPool2d(7),
        )
        self.fc = nn.Linear(1024, 1000)
    def forward(self, x):
        x = self.model(x)
        x = x.view(-1, 1024)
        x = self.fc(x)
        return x

 

参考论文中的结构,第一层是普通的卷积层,后面接的都是可分离卷积.

 

这里 注意groups参数的用法. 当groups=输入channel数目时,即对每个channel分别做卷积.默认groups=1,此时即为普通卷积.

 

训练伪代码

 

# create model
model = Net()
# define loss function (criterion) and optimizer
criterion = nn.CrossEntropyLoss().cuda()
optimizer = torch.optim.SGD(model.parameters(), args.lr,
                            momentum=args.momentum,
                            weight_decay=args.weight_decay)

# load data
train_loader = torch.utils.data.DataLoader()
# train
for every epoch:
    input,target=get_from_data
    
    #前向传播得到预测值
    output = model(input_var)
    
    #计算loss
    loss = criterion(output, target_var)
        
    #反向传播更新网络参数
    optimizer.zero_grad()
    loss.backward()
    optimizer.step()

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